Up to 76% of American households currently growing food gardens are growing vegetables. To grow vegetables that are healthy and safe from disease, many homeowners clone their plants.
Plant cloning is a natural way to maintain plant health in an indoor garden. However, many sources on plant cloning don’t often go into detail regarding the plant cuttings involved in this process.
So let’s talk about some of the most important types of plant cutting to learn for successful hydroponic cloning.
Plant cutting for plant cloning
With cloning a plant, there isn’t really a wrong way to cut the parent plant. This is because a clone can be made from most of the plant’s form. However, when it comes to cloning for an indoor hydroponic system there are four main ways to cut the parent plant.
- Stem cutting
Stem cutting is the most popular form of cutting for plant cloning in hydroponics. During this process, you’ll want to cut the stem of the parent plant a couple of inches down from the top. This is to ensure the leaves are still intact for photosynthesis. To help the clone take root, be sure to keep the leaves moist.
- Root cutting
Root cutting is less popular than stem cutting because many gardeners are afraid to harm the roots of the parent plant. However,
root cutting is fairly simple. Locate a thick, healthy root and cut up to two or three inches. Plant the root in the growing medium at a natural angle.
- Leaf-bud cutting
This type of cutting is best used for plants that are able to create roots from cut leaves, but not shoots. Leaf-bud cutting is typically done using a short piece of the stem with an attached leaf-bud, a leaf blade, and petiole.
- Leaf cutting
This type of cutting is often the rarest because it only works with plants that are easily cloned and have thick leaves. Find a thicker leaf and cut open the veins. Plant the exposed leaf in the growing medium, but be sure it’s able to receive moisture and indoor garden lighting. From the leaf,
new plants will begin to form and the leaf itself will gradually rot away.
Cloning plants is a great way to keep one’s indoor garden happy and healthy. However, should you choose to clone your plants using one of the above plant cutting methods, be sure to use indoor gardening supplies such as rooting gel. This will improve the likelihood of roof growth and healthy clones.